Tooth decay is the event of destruction of the hard tissue of the tooth, mostly enamel, dentine underneath and sometimes the hard tissue covering the root surface. Generally, carbohydrate foods (sugar, starch, etc.), cola and similar sugary sodas, cake, chocolate, etc. It occurs especially when sticky foods stay on the tooth surface for a long time. Bacteria in the mouth are fed with these food residues and acid is produced with the help of these microorganisms. After a while, this acidic environment causes destruction of the hard tissues of the tooth and creates dental caries.

Bacteria plaque formed by bacteria in the mouth can form acid from the mouth residues of sugary and floury foods. These acids dissolve the mineral tissue of the teeth and cause the deterioration of the enamel of the tooth and eventually the start of tooth decay and cavities that dentists call cavities.

Who Has More Cavities?

Since tooth decay occurs as a result of the combination of sugary and floury foods with bacteria, it means there is a danger for everyone. However, those who have a very high proportion of carbohydrate and sugary foods in their diets, and those who have very low fluoride in their water, are at risk of much more caries. Although saliva creates a natural defense mechanism against the acid created by the bacterial plaque, it cannot prevent decay by itself. Diseases or drugs that reduce the flow and amount of saliva accelerate the formation of caries.

Can Tooth Decay Be Prevented?


Brushing the teeth after breakfast and before going to bed in the evening and using dental floss every day is the most effective way. Since food residues mostly accumulate in the recesses on the chewing surfaces of the teeth and on the interfaces where the teeth touch each other, the appropriate toothbrush should be selected.
Trying to consume sugary foods at main meals and try not to eat anything between meals is another precaution.
Regular dental check-ups are the best way to catch caries at an early stage.

Importance of Milk Teeth:

The teeth in the mouth are in two groups as milk and permanent teeth. Milk teeth are 20 in total and permanent teeth are 32. In the society, there is sometimes a false belief that milk teeth are unnecessary. The main reason for the occurrence of this false belief is that the milk teeth fall out and permanent teeth will come instead. However, milk teeth undertake many tasks during their stay in the mouth. The period when deciduous teeth are in the mouth coincides with the period when growth and development are most active in childhood. Milk teeth, which constitute the first step of the digestive system with their cutting and grinding functions, affect nutrition and, accordingly, growth and development. Milk teeth protect the places of permanent teeth coming from below in the dental arch. In other words, it has natural placeholder functions.

Deciduous Tooth Traumas: Milk tooth traumas are often seen in the preschool period, especially in young children, because they have difficulty in maintaining their balance. Studies show that the incidence varies between 11% and 30%. It has been reported that the large differences in these rates are due to the low rate of referral to physicians. The incidence increases in direct proportion to the increase in physical activity at the age of 1-3 years. Boys are more affected. It was found that the incidence of trauma in permanent teeth was 22% and it was frequently seen between the ages of 8 and 11.

Deciduous Tooth Trauma Treatments: The time of the event affects the amount of tooth affected and the treatment plan. The location of the event is important for tetanus prophylaxis. Regardless of the type and size of the trauma, loss of consciousness, bleeding, loss of balance, headache, vomiting, nausea, speech difficulties, etc. If there is no problem with the general health condition, a dentist, if possible a pediatric dentist, should be consulted as soon as possible.

What Should Be Done to Protect From Milk Tooth Traumas: The primary duty of families and those who care for children is to be prepared for dental trauma. This preparation includes knowing what to do in emergency situations and determining the physician to be reached. In addition, children should be provided with mouth protection apparatus and helmets, belts and seats in the car, and places where they will not fall at home. The time between trauma and applying to the dentist is the primary reason affecting the success of the treatment. If the tooth is broken and the broken piece can be found, it is necessary to apply to the dentist as soon as possible (within the first hour) by putting the broken piece into milk immediately.

Tooth wear:

Throughout life, our teeth are exposed to many chemical and physical factors. As a result, tooth decay, trauma and abrasions can occur. Tooth wear is abrasion, attrition, abfraction and erosion.

As physiological wear that occurs in functional or non-functional movements, without any substance in between, in areas where teeth are in contact

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